Home » Blog » 用來解釋領域內關鍵詞彙的句型

用來解釋領域內關鍵詞彙的句型

by Steve Wallace

一顆星兩顆星三顆星四顆星五顆星 (喜歡這篇文章嗎?)
Loading...

Posted on 2020 / 4 / 3,

42233

viewed.


用來解釋領域內關鍵詞彙的句型

華樂絲現在有提供論文編修翻譯預付方案!請洽詢:02-25555830了解更多!


喜歡這篇文章嗎?一起分享給朋友們看看吧!
  • 257
    Shares

問題:我的審稿人直言指出我沒有在引言的地方清楚定義關鍵詞。您能否談談並舉例如何在研究論文中定義關鍵詞?

– 國立台北科技大學博士班學生

 

審稿人常常對作者使用特定詞彙的方法有所要求,他們可能會禮貌的建議增加一些解釋。比較苛刻的審稿人可能會假設作者不了解他們的領域,或不夠批判和反思,進而要求作者做大幅度的修改。

 

期刊論文通常沒有足夠的空間讓您解釋所有的注意事項、爭論的歷史、以及某些特殊詞彙迂迴的背景。

 

倘若期刊允許呈現較長篇幅的內容,您即有空間可以更明確說明並解釋您所使用的字詞,口試委員也預期看到有爭議的概念和棘手的術語被延伸、討論,但對讀者來說,他們主要想要從您的文章得到新的東西,讀者不需要冗長的解釋,他們只想要知道您如何使用詞彙,然後就繼續看下去。

 

相關文章推薦:文字精簡的重要性與方法

 

您又該如何在有限空間內輕描淡寫的同時,又得精準明確的使用文字呢?以下提供一些句型可以用來描述您的關鍵字。

 

解釋您領域中的關鍵字

 

  • The term ‘X’ is generally understood to mean / has come to be used to refer to / has been applied to …
  • In the literature, X usually refers / often refers / tends to be used to refer to …
  • In the field of X, several / various / many definitions of Y can be found.
  • The term X is / was / has been used by Molotov [2011] to refer to …
  • Chang uses the term X [2011] to refer to / denominate …
  • X is defined by Peng [1990] to refer to / to mean …
  • Chen [2015] has provided / put forward / proposed a new definition of X, in which …
  • X is defined / identified / described as … [Chang 2004].
  • In the literature there seems to be no general definition of X / a general definition of X is lacking /there is no clear definition of X.
  • Several authors have attempted to define X, but as yet / currently / at the time of writing there is still no accepted definition.
  • In broad / general terms, X is / can be defined as a way to …
  • The broad / general / generally accepted use of the term X refers to …
  • X is sometimes equated with / embodies a series of …
  • X, Y and Z are three kinds / types / categories / classes of languages.
  • There are three kinds of languages: / The three kinds of languages are: / Languages can be divided into three kinds: X, Y and Z.

 

解釋您在文章中將如何使用關鍵字以及縮寫

 

  • The acronym PC stands for / denotes …
  • The subjects (henceforth named / hereafter ‘X’) are …
  • The subject, which we shall call / refer to as ‘X’, is …
  • Throughout this paper / section we use the terms ‘mafia’ and ‘the mob’ interchangeably, following /in accordance with the practice of this department where this study was conducted.
  • There are three different types, namely / specifically: X, Y and Z.
  • Throughout the / In this paper we use / will use the term X to refer to …
  • In this chapter X is used / will be used to refer to …
  • In this paper the standard meaning of X is / will be used …
  • This aspect is / will be dealt with in more detail in Sect. 2.
  • We will see / learn / appreciate how relevant this is in the next subsection.

 

參考別人的句型範本,可以幫助您發展更精簡的表達方法來闡述您的論點、詞彙、以及定義。練習在上述句型結構中填入您的內容,藉此讓您的讀者了解並應用您的關鍵詞與想法。

 

您也可以從領域中找一些定義性的段落來從事同樣的練習;把內容移除後,觀察作者所使用的句型,然後填入自己的內容。

 

額外相關閱讀推薦:

  1. 如何撰寫簡明易懂又委婉的語句(Hedging)
  2. 寫作可能是讓您釐清思考的唯一方式-雖然不容易
  3. 如何在寫作中避免冗贅詞句
  4. 四大學術寫作中極為常出現的嚴重失誤
如何刪除冗餘及改進研究論文的語法?
如何在研究論文中減少關係子句的使用頻率?

訂閱電子報

提供英文翻譯文法,寫作格式,碩博士生涯規畫
專為台灣碩博士生與研究者量身打造的學習內容
每週自動寄送至您指定信箱,隨時都能取消訂閱

超過 150,000 名中港台碩博士生與研究人員訂閱

演講活動

2020.6.16 - 工業技術研究院人力處

2020.2.6 - 國立交通大學產學運籌中心

2019.7.20 - 台中CMoney頂級會議商務中心

2019.7.5 - 高雄國立中山大學教學發展與資源中心

2019.4.27 - 台北新光醫院

2019.4.20 - 台北文化大學推廣中心

2019.4.13 - 北京協和醫學院

文章搜尋
官方Facebook
標籤相關文章
如何與您的指導教授互動良善

如何與您的指導教授互動良善

定出自己在文獻中的「位置」

定出自己在文獻中的「位置」

撰寫文獻回顧必須具備的六類知識

撰寫文獻回顧必須具備的六類知識