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四大學術寫作中極為常出現的嚴重失誤

2017 / 7 / 13

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最近華樂絲的編修師發現了一些作者常犯的學術寫作錯誤,因此本期電子報將與您分享這些實際案例。以下例句皆經過調整與修飾,以保護作者與其研究隱私,不過當中錯誤的部分已保留下來做為錯誤示範。

  1. 句子不完整
    切記,每個句子須具備正確的文法與獨立的語意,才能稱做獨立且完整的英文句子。

範例一:

錯誤:Tests of the Taichung region have produced some curious findings. For example, the pollen of forty-eight plants native to Japan and Indonesia.
(範例中的第二句即為不完整的句子)

正確:Tests of the Taichung region have produced some curious findings. For example, the region contains the pollen of forty-eight plants native to Japan and Indonesia.

範例二:

錯誤:Scientists report no human deaths due to excessive caffeine consumption. Although caffeine does cause convulsions and death in certain animals.
(範例中的第二句即為不完整的句子)

正確:Scientists report no human deaths due to excessive caffeine consumption, although caffeine does cause convulsions and death in certain animals.

  1. 句型零散
    代表使用太多相稱的片語或子句,導致句子冗長。

範例一:

錯誤:The hearing was planned for Monday, December 2, but not all of the witnesses could be available, so it was rescheduled for the following Friday, and then all the witnesses could attend.
(文法無誤,但句型過於零散,無法促成有效且簡潔的語意溝通。)

正確:The hearing, which had been planned for Monday, December 2, was rescheduled for the following Friday so that all witnesses would be able to attend.

  1. 避免堆砌名詞
    除非讀者十分熟悉您所使用的專有名詞或術語,否則最好避免使用夾雜太多名詞的片語(即不斷堆疊名詞)。

範例一:

錯誤:The THA has a hospital employee relations improvement program.
正確:The THA has a program to improve relations among employees.

範例二:

錯誤:The NSC continues to work on the International Space Station astronaut living-quarters module development project.
正確:The NSC is still developing the module that will provide living quarters for the astronauts aboard the International Space Station.

  1. 少用虛詞結構

虛詞結構的例子如下:
it is
there is
there are

盡量避開這類虛詞結構,因為這種結構無法凸顯主詞或主要動詞。

範例一:

錯誤:It was her last argument that finally persuaded me.
正確:Her last argument finally persuaded me.

範例二:

錯誤:There are likely to be many researchers raising questions about this methodological approach.
正確:Many researchers are likely to raise questions about this methodological approach.

範例三:

錯誤:It is inevitable that oil prices will rise.
正確:Oil prices will inevitably rise.

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